- November 8, 1966 — British celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay is born. (He is best known for competitive cooking shows like Hell’s Kitchen and MasterChef.)
- November 9, 1916 — Jeannette Rankin of Montana is elected to the House of Representatives, becoming the first woman to hold federal office in the U.S. Her pacifism is also notable: Rankin is the sole member of Congress to oppose war with Japan after Pearl Harbor.
- November 10, 2007 — Venezuelan Pres. Hugo Chávez repeatedly interrupts Spain’s King Juan Carlos I at the Ibero-American Summit, causing the exasperated monarch to snap, ¿Por qué no te callas? (“Why don’t you shut up?”) The phrase becomes a meme across the Hispanic world.
- November 11, 1620 — Male Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sign the Mayflower Compact. In it, they agree to form a cooperative, democratic government — the first of its kind in America.
- November 12, 1993 — The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) holds its first mixed martial arts event in Denver, Colo.
- November 13, 1956 — The U.S. Supreme Court finds segregated busing unconstitutional. (It upholds the decision of a lower court in Browder v. Gayle.) This ends the Montgomery Bus Boycott, instigated by Rosa Parks the year before.
- November 14, 1960 — Six-year-old Ruby Bridges becomes the first black child to attend an all-white school in Louisiana. A violent mob gathers outside the school, forcing President Eisenhower to send in U.S. Marshals to protect her.
- November 15, 1864 — Union general W.T. Sherman torches the city of Atlanta, Ga. during the American Civil War. Sherman then leads his troops towards Savannah on the scorched-earth campaign remembered as his “March to the Sea.”
Source: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.